Arizona is located in the southwest of the USA and also borders Mexico. Arizona’s other neighbors include the US states of California, Utah, Colorado and New Mexico. The capital with its approximately 1.5 million inhabitants is the city of Phoenix, which was created on the drawing board. The city is pronounced Finix in English.
- Liuxers: List of Federal school codes for educational institutions located in Arizona. Includes FAFSA codes in the state of Arizona.
The US state of Arizona
Arizona only joined the USA in 1912 as the 48th state and is home to more than 6.5 million people.
Grand Canyon Arizona
The most famous attraction in the state of Arizona is the Grand Canyon.
The gorge with a length of more than 450 km is partly more than 1,800 meters deep.
Known worldwide and seen in many films and commercials.
A look into the valley of the Grand Canyon gives an idea of how impressive the land in this part of Arizona is.
Also connected is the Grand Canyon National Park, which is visited by over 5 million visitors a year.
The sunbeams in the Arizona flag evoke the amazing sunsets that Arizona is famous for. They also stand for the thirteen colonies that originally formed the United States of America. The blue represents freedom and the star represents the copper mining that Arizona is known for around the world.
The ten largest cities in Arizona
- Phoenix (population 1.5 million)
- Surprise (118,000)
In Arizona, three quarters of residents are English speakers. A quarter are Latinos who immigrated from Mexico and therefore understand and speak Spanish. See Arizona counties list.
This is most pronounced in the south of the country, where in Santa Cruz, for example, almost 80% of the population speaks Spanish. The official national language since 2006 is English.
The climate in Arizona
Lake Powell, Arizona
Strongly influenced by desert areas, the weather in Arizona is predominantly dry and warm.
In the north of the country, a steppe climate can be found due to the scenic conditions.
Depending on the location, the hot summer months, when temperatures sometimes climb above 40 degrees, are followed by pleasant and mild winter days.
In the period from July to November there is more rain in Arizona, otherwise it is rather dry.
With approximately 4,000 hours of sunshine a year, the city of Yuma, Arizona is one of the sunniest cities on earth. So good weather and climate at almost any time.
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site is a still functioning historic trading post located on the famous route, which in the past passed all caravans, trappers and Native American expeditions. This station was founded in 1878, a time when expelled Native American tribes began to return to Arizona.
Originally, there was only a small homestead on this site, which was bought by John Lorenzo Hubbell – a white native from New Mexico. The homestead was located near the city of Ganado and in a few years it was transformed into a successful trading post. The station was in the middle of Native American territory, which was relatively dangerous on the one hand, but on the other hand, the owner had a unique chance to start mediating trade between the original Native Americans and the new white immigrants.
John Lorenzo Hubbell was familiar with Native American culture, environment, customs and the complex language of the Navajo tribe, so he soon gained the trust of the Indians. However, the Americans also liked it, and so Hubbell was able to gradually bring together two hitherto quarreling and different civilizations.
Here, the Indians could obtain the necessary tools, food, and other goods in exchange for their traditional art and ritual items or jewelry. Thus, the typically Native American processing of silver began to develop here, and the production of handmade jewelry came to the forefront of interest, which found popularity in many neighboring states. During his lifetime, Hubbell managed to build a vast business empire and about 40 other shops and venues. In addition, Hubbell was considered an expert in Native American culture, and because he knew the conditions, he even became an Native American spokesman and Native American advocate. He was respected and acknowledged by both parties.
Even after his death in November 1930, his business continued to be run by his family and other descendants until 1967, when it was bought by the National Park Service. After 89 years of private ownership, all homesteads and trade came under the administration of the NPS. The organization still takes care of these historical monuments. That is why you can still find genuine Indian handicrafts here today. All products have a certificate of authenticity, date of origin and photographs with the life story of the Indian who made it. Here you can buy Native American silver jewelry, original ceramics, leather goods or handmade carpets. However, their prices are many times higher due to tourism.
The place is a popular destination for tourists who go, for example, to the Monument Valley or other beauties of the American Southwest.