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Georgia Geography and Economy

Georgia is a state in the southeastern United States of America (USA). Georgia was founded in 1732 as the last of the Thirteen Colonies and was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. On January 19, 1861, he renounced the United States and was one of the eleven Confederate States of America until 1865. Georgia was named after King George II. The nickname is Peach State (peach state).

Area 153,909 km²
Residents 10,310,653
Residents per km² 67
Capital Atlanta
Postal Code GA
ISO-3166-2 code US GA
FIPS code 13


Georgia has a length of 370 km in the west-east direction between 81 ° W to 85 ° 53’W and in the north-south direction a latitude of 480 km between 30 ° 31’N to 35 ° N.

Abbreviated as GA by AbbreviationFinder, Georgia is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, South Carolina to the northeast, North Carolina and Tennessee to the north, Alabama to the west, and Florida to the south.

The north of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains. The highest point in the state is Brasstown Bald (1,458 m). The coastline on the Atlantic is 161 km.


The first Europeans were the Spaniards who founded the first colony near St. Catherine’s Island in 1526, and Hernando de Soto, who came to the coast of Georgia in 1540 and explored the region. At this time, the indigenous peoples of the Hitchiti, Muskogee (or Creek) and Yamasee had long lived in Georgia.

In 1566 the Spaniards founded Santa Catalina. The conflict between Spain and England broke out around 1670 when the English from North Carolina and the Spanish from South Florida met. The British named the country Georgia in honor of their King George II. In 1680 they were able to occupy Santa Catalina, Spain.

Later other people joined the settlement, such as Salzburger and Schotten. After bloody battles with the Spaniards and internal disputes, the colony received a royal governor in 1752 and a provincial legislature in 1755. In 1776 Georgia was able to break away from the British and became autonomous.

Georgia was one of the 13 colonies that revolted against British rule in North America (War of Independence). It joined the United States on January 2, 1788 as the fourth state.

In 1798, Georgia became the last of the US states to ban the slave trade, but not the use of slaves.

During the Civil War (1861-1865) Georgia was part of the Confederate States of America and suffered badly from the effects of the war.

In the 1960s and 1970s there were protests by supporters of the civil rights movement, which fought against the racial segregation that was prevalent at the time. From the perspective of the fighters for equality, Georgia was one of the most backward states in the United States. It was not until June 1967 that the state was forced by the Supreme Court to become one of the last states in the USA to lift the ban on mixed marriages. Until then, non-whites were forbidden to marry whites.

Old governor's mansion


Real gross domestic product per capita (per capita GDP) was USD 50,955 in 2016 (national average of the 50 US states: USD 57,118; national ranking: 31). Georgia was the richest southern state, but it was still below the national average. [12] The unemployment rate was 4.3% in November 2017 (national average: 4.1%).

The “peach state” of Georgia grows cotton, rice, tobacco, sugar cane, peanuts and various kinds of fruits. In the cities there are predominantly textile, wood and food industries.

In 1892 the Coca-Cola Company was founded in Georgia. Atlanta is also the headquarters of the airlines Delta Air Lines and AirTran, as well as the news channel CNN. At the end of the 1990s and at the beginning of the new millennium, many companies were drawn to Georgia because of the low tax rate.

Also known as Peach State / Empire State of the South, Georgia is short for GA with a population of 8,186,453. According to Countryaah, the capital city and the biggest city of Georgia is Atlanta.

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