New Jersey Seal

New Jersey Geography and Economy

New Jersey is for Rhode Iceland, Delaware and Connecticut the fourth smallest state of the United States of America, but also the one with the highest population density. New Jersey was named after the English Channel Island of Jersey. The state has the nickname The Garden State (German garden state). New Jersey residents are often colloquially referred to as ” New Jerseyans ” or, more rarely, ” New Jerseyites” called. New Jersey is one of the Central Atlantic states.

Area 22,588 km²
Residents 8,944,469
Residents per km² 396
Capital Trenton
Postal Code NJ
ISO-3166-2 code US NJ
FIPS code 34

Geography

Abbreviated as NJ by AbbreviationFinder, New Jersey has a total area of ​​22,588 km², of which 3377 km² is water. The state borders New York to the north and northeast, where the Hudson River forms a natural boundary in part. To the west, New Jersey is completely separated from the states of Pennsylvania and Delaware by the Delaware River. Finally, to the south, in the Delaware Bay, and to the east, New Jersey has shares of the Atlantic.

The state is roughly the shape of the head and torso of a person whose head is bent slightly forward. Based on this picture, the head, i.e. the north of the country, is the region with the larger elevations in an otherwise flat country. Here in the Great Appalachian Valley (also known as the Kittatinny Valley), which stretches from the US state of Alabama to the Hudson River, on the border with New York State is High Point, New Jersey’s highest mountain, which is 550 meters the average Landes height by more than S exceeds iebenfache.

The east of the country, the catchment area of ​​the Hudson and the largest US metropolis of New York City, is densely populated. The metropolitan area west of the Hudson already includes Newark, Jersey City, Paterson and Elizabeth, all four of the country’s major cities.

To the south of it begins the Atlantic coastal plain, which is a popular holiday destination over a length of more than 200 km with its numerous seaside resorts. The coastal strip is relatively heavily populated, especially in the northern and then again in the southern part with its numerous medium-sized towns and cities. The largest cities along the coast are Long Branch in the north and Atlantic City in the south, which is important for tourism.

In the interior to the southern part, dense forests shape the image of the state. Well-known and popular travel destination in this region are the Pine Barrens.

Climate

There are two climatic conditions in the state. The south, center, and northeast of the state have a humid subtropical climate, while the northwest has a humid continental (microthermal) climate and temperatures are cooler due to the higher elevation. New Jersey receives between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunshine annually.

History

New Jersey was settled from 1609 first in the form of Dutch settlements and formed initially with the modern state of New York, the Dutch colony Neuniederland, which was conquered in 1664 by the English. During the American Revolutionary War, New Jersey was the site of around 100 battles.

New Jersey was the seat of the first United States government for a short time, Princeton in 1783 and Trenton in 1784. As one of the 13 founding states, New Jersey joined the Union in 1787 as the third state.

In 1804, New Jersey became the last northern state to gradually abolish slavery.

After the Civil War, which largely passed New Jersey by, the Industrial Revolution rapidly gained a foothold in the country. Until then, New Jersey was largely rural. However, agriculture was never very productive due to poor soil conditions. Personalities like Thomas Edison, who worked for Menlo Park for a long time, contributed significantly to the industrial growth.

The growth of the up-and-coming metropolises of New York and Philadelphia also had a positive effect on New Jersey from around 1870. Both cities were (and are) located in neighboring states, but both are directly on the state border, so that their economic and demographic growth also radiated to New Jersey. Today, almost half of the New York metropolitan area is in New Jersey, which also means that the most important population center of the country is located there, i.e. in the northeast.

Economy

New Jersey is one of the leading industrial nations in the United States. New Jersey’s economic output was USD 581 billion in 2016, making it the eighth-highest economic output in any state in the United States and accounting for 3.15% of the total American economy. Counted as a separate country, New Jersey’s economic output would be roughly the same as that of Argentina.

Agriculture is highly developed. At the dunes occupied Nehrungsküste tourism is an important economic factor.

In the secondary sector, the following are important: the electronics industry, the clothing industry, steel production and shipbuilding and mechanical engineering.

New Jersey is a research leader in the United States (Princeton et al.).

The unemployment rate was 5.1% in November 2017 (national average: 4.1%).

Also known as Garden State, New Jersey is short for NJ with a population of 8,414,350. According to Countryaah, the capital city of New Jersey is Trenton and the biggest city is Newark.

New Jersey Seal