The US state of North Carolina is located north of South Carolina :just kidding: we find it on the Atlantic coast in the middle east of the USA. It is bordered by Virginia to the north, Tennessee to the west, South Carolina and Georgia to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.
The flora and fauna is diverse, ranging from the shallow-rooted vegetation of the coast and the American alligators that live there, to the coniferous forests in the west, inhabited by bears and white-tailed deer.
- Liuxers: List of Federal school codes for educational institutions located in North Carolina. Includes FAFSA codes in the state of North Carolina.
The US state of North Carolina
Charlotte in North Carolina
The capital is Raleigh, located right in the middle of the city, which is also the second largest city in the state. A little over 400,000 residents can be found in this city, in all of North Caroline more than 9.5 million inhabitants live in an area of approximately 139,000 km², which roughly corresponds to the area of Greece, which measures around 132,000 km².
The Atlantic Coastal Plain covers just over 60% of North Carolina.
The plain’s soils are sandy and covered with dense forests consisting mostly of pine and other evergreen trees. The soils are particularly suitable for growing tobacco, soya, melons and cotton. This region, which includes the Inner Banks, is North Carolina’s most agricultural region.
Upstream of land are the Outer Banks, a chain of narrow and variable dune islands that form a barrier between the Atlantic and the inland waterways. Wilmington, the only port, is about 15 miles inland on the Cape Fear River.
The biggest cities
Here is a list of the largest cities in North Carolina with the rounded population figures from 2010. See North Carolina counties list.
- Charlotte 687,000
- Raleigh 401,000
- Greensboro 251,000
- Durham 223,000
- Winston-Salem 218,000
Population: 792,000 thousand people (2013)
Area: 771.0 sq. km
Altitude: 229 m
The city of Charlotte, the most populous city in the state of North Carolina, is located in Mecklenburg County and serves as its county seat. In the financial sphere, it is known as the location of the head office of the largest bank in the country. Due to its geographic location, the city is an air transport hub on the way to Europe. Charlotte is home to one of the campuses of the University of North Carolina. Near the outskirts of the city is the Charlotte Motor Speedway, which hosts National Association car races.
The area of the city includes land and water areas. The presence of a humid subtropical climate causes pronounced four seasons of the year. A short and cool winter quickly gives way to a wet spring. The least rain falls in April, which is considered the driest month of the year. The summer period is notable for hot weather with an abundance of precipitation. Autumn, although notable for rainy days, is much less than in spring.
The central part of the city is dominated by hotels, cultural institutions, in particular museums and exhibition galleries, restaurants, cafes, office buildings, sports arenas. A variety of pubs and clubs are always filled with visitors, especially at night. The city center serves as a place of work for about 70 thousand citizens. There are also two sports facilities here, which are the home base of 2 professional clubs (football and basketball teams).
The city, founded in 1769, was named after the wife of the English King George III. It occupies an area where trade routes crossed in ancient times. Now Tryon and Trade streets stretch here. Their intersection divides the metropolis into 4 districts. The old part of the city of Downtown is notable for its abundance of parks, which offer a breathtaking view of the business center with skyscrapers. There are many entertainment facilities here. Cafes, nightclubs, restaurants occupy the whole block. Charlotte is also famous for America’s largest theme park, Carowinds.
Climate and weather conditions
The climate is predominantly warm and temperate with frequent rain showers. The Appalachians keep the cold, often windy or even blustery weather out of the Midwest. The average daytime temperature in most areas of the state is around 28-30°C in the summer. In winter, the average temperature is around 10 °C.
The coastal plain is climatically influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, which ensures mild temperatures in winter and moderately warm temperatures in summer. The maximum daily temperature on the coast is 31°C in summer, while temperatures rarely drop below 4°C in winter. The average daily maximum temperature in the winter months is around 15 °C in the coastal plain, temperatures below freezing are extremely rare.
About two centimeters of snow falls annually on the coastal plain, and many winters are completely free of snow and ice. In the Piedmont plain, on the other hand, summers are warmer and winters are colder than in the coastal region, with slightly more snowfall. The annual rainfall in the Piedmont is lower than on the coast or in the mountains, about 1000 mm per square meter of precipitation is measured annually. The coolest area of North Carolina is the Appalachian Mountains. Temperatures there rarely rise above 26°C in summer. The average daily temperatures in winter are between −1 °C and 5 °C, often dropping below −9 °C. There is also slightly more snowfall than in the rest of the country.
North Carolina is hit by a major hurricane once every ten years on average, with other tropical storms hitting the state about every three to four years. In some years, the area can also be hit several times by a hurricane and other tropical storms. Although most hurricanes cause damage in the country’s coastal regions, they can reach inland and wreak havoc there.
We can actually recommend any time of the year apart from winter as the best travel time for the region, since even in summer the temperatures don’t get too hot.