Santiago de Cuba in Cuba
That sounds like a wonderful drink: Santiago de Cuba. But although you can also get tasty beers and strong short drinks here, this is a province with the capital of the same name in Cuba.
The province of Santiago deCubaextends in the east of the country. From the Spanish colonial era until 1975, Santiago de Cuba was part of the former Oriente Province. At that time the region was of great importance and was one of the most important areas of the Oriente province.
The name Santiago de Cuba appears in numerous history books. Because this is where many battles took place during the Cuban War of Independence. Even in 1959, when the Cuban Revolution was in full swing, Santiago de Cuba was again one of the scenes of the clashes.
Geography of the Province of Santiago de Cuba
In total, the province has an area of 6,170 square kilometers. Unlike many other provinces and regions in the country, Santiago de Cuba has no islands. It consists of 100 percent mainland. The neighboring provinces are Granma in the west, Holguin in the north and Guatanamo in the east. The south forms the border with the Caribbean Sea and is therefore also the most popular travel destination within the province.
The province of Santiago de Cuba consists of a total of 645 settlements. Most of them are more village-like. Only about 36 are designated as urban. There are hardly any cities with up to 20,000 people. Only Santiago de Cuba, Palma Soriano and San Luis are above this limit in terms of their population figures.
The entire province is criss-crossed by high mountains. So if you’re planning a hiking holiday, you’ve come to the right place.
The main river in the province of Santiago de Cuba is the Rio Cauto. This river also flows through three other Cuban provinces.
Visitors to the province should pack airy clothing, as Santiago de Cuba is one of the hottest provinces in Cuba. Here the average daily highs are around 32.2 degrees. The lowest daytime temperatures are on average 22.1 degrees. You are also welcome to pack a bikini in your suitcase, especially if you are visiting the coastal region on the Caribbean Sea. Here the wonderful and fascinatingly clear water invites you to take a long bath.
Economy of the Province of Santiago de Cuba
If a region has such wonderful natural conditions as is the case in the Province of Santiago de Cuba, then the logical consequence of this is that tourism is one of the main sources of income. Thousands of visitors from home and abroad flock to the coastal regions on the Caribbean Sea every year. The tourist infrastructure is best developed here and there is an extensive entertainment program.
In addition to income from tourism, agriculture also brings money into the province’s coffers. The main components of the farm are the cultivation of bananas, coffee and cocoa. To the surprise of many, there is less emphasis on the cultivation of sugar cane in this region. This is partly due to the climatic conditions and partly to the fact that a lot of sugar cane is already being grown in the rest of Cuba. Even the mining plays a role in the economic situation of the province of Santiago de Cuba. Here are nickel and iron mined.
Sancti Spiritus (Cuba)
According to Baglib, the province of Sancti Spíritus, located in central Cuba, has numerous sights and many historical monuments and is ideal for travel. Thousands of tourists come to the region every year to be impressed by the multifaceted landscape. The capital of the same name is one of the most popular travel and excursion destinations for most visitors to the province of Sancti Spíritus.
Economy of Sancti Spíritus
Tourism is one of the main industries in the province of Sancti Spiritus. The entire province lives from the visitors who visit the capital and the many smaller towns. As in many other parts of the central Cuban area, Sancti Spíritus is a region of the sugar industry. Sugar cultivation has a long tradition here and the region was one of the most important sugar regions in the country, especially through the city of Trinidad, until the 19th century. There was even talk of a sugar metropolis. Together with the sugar cane plantations, which are outside the urban area, Valle de los Ingenios and Sancti Spíritus are among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Even livestock is one of the main sources of income, next exists in the province of Sancti Spiritus extensive rice and tobacco.
The capital of Sancti Spíritus and the history of the province
The town of Sancti Spíritus of the same name serves as the capital. About 42,000 people live here. Sancti Spíritus was founded by the Spanish in 1514. The Rio Tuinicu served as the starting point for the foundation of the city. After eight years, the city of Sancti Spíritus was moved to its current location on the Rio Yayabo. The immigrants settled here and gradually began to claim the area for themselves. So the city of Sancti Spíritus soon expanded and the province grew.
Like many other cities in central Cuba, Sancti Spíritus was made through the cultivation of sugar canerich. However, the settlers could only achieve this great profit by exploiting the slaves to the last detail. The slaves had to perform at their best day and night to make the wealth of the Spanish immigrants possible.
The Wars of Independence followed a little later. There were heroes in the province of Sancti Spíritus these days. Honorato del Castillo Cancio and Sefafin Sánchezwere two of them. They got the two squares Parque Honorato and Parque Sánchez built in their memory. You can find these two places in downtown Sancti Spíritus. Incidentally, the statue of the Iglesia del Espiritu Sancto on Parque Honorato is made of wood and was erected here in 1522.
Sancti Spíritus has always been a victim of pirates. They often plundered the areas of Cuba in the 17th century and Sancti Spíritus was not spared. The church at Parque Honorato was burned down in one of these raids. They are then rebuilt from stone. The church is one of the landmarks of the Sancti Spíritus province.
Later on, numerous educated people came to the region and it was only a matter of time when a university would be established here. This still exists today and is one of the most renowned universities in the country. Numerous students are trained here.