Tennessee Seal

Tennessee Geography and Economy

Tennessee is a federal state of the United States of America and one of the southern states. The name Tennessee comes from Tanasi, the name of an Indian settlement on the Little Tennessee River.

Stone River National Cemetery

One of Tennessee’s nicknames is “Volunteer State” – state of the volunteers. It dates from the time of the British-American War, in which numerous Tennessee citizens fought for their country as volunteers.

Tennessee is famous for the blues and the genesis of rock ‘n’ roll (Memphis) and country music (Nashville) and for its whiskey (Jack Daniel’s and George Dickel).

Area 109,151 km²
Residents 6,651,194
Residents per km² 60.9
Capital Nashville
Postal Code TN
ISO-3166-2 code US TN
FIPS code 47


Abbreviated as TN by AbbreviationFinder, Tennessee is bounded to the north by the states of Kentucky and Virginia, to the east by North Carolina and to the south by Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi and to the west by Arkansas and Missouri. This makes Tennessee (together with Missouri, which also borders eight states) the US state with the largest number of neighboring states. The Tennessee River flows through the state.


Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate, with the exception of a few higher elevations in the Appalachian Mountains, which have a temperate or humid continental climate due to the cooler temperatures.

The Gulf of Mexico is the dominant factor in Tennessee’s climate, with winds from the south accounting for most of the state’s annual rainfall.

In general, Tennessee has hot summers and mild to cool winters with generous rainfall throughout the year, with the highest average monthly rainfall generally occurring in the winter and spring months between December and April. The driest months are on average August to October.


Already about 12,000 years ago populated Paleo-Indians (the first human residents of the Americas) what is now Tennessee.

At the beginning of the colonization by European colonists, most of the indigenous people were displaced south and west, especially the Muskogee and Yuchi tribes. Until the state was established, the area was under the administration of North Carolina and was known as the Southwest Territory. D i eses very long considered lawless territory, as the government of North Carolina did not manage to establish adequate management.

From 1785 to 1788 the first attempt was made to found a state in the USA. The state of Franklin was founded in the east of what is now Tennessee. After five years of fighting with the North Carolina government and frequent Indian raids, the Greeneville government collapsed and North Carolina regained control of the area.

On June 1, 1796, Tennessee joined the United States as the 16th state by Senate-approved constitution. From 1838 to 1839 the remaining 17,000 or so Cherokee were deported to western Arkansas. This forced march, about 4,000 Indians came in which to death is known as Trail of Tears known (Trail of Tears).

On June 8, 1861, Tennessee was the last of the southern states to break away from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America on July 2.

After the American Civil War, Tennessee became the first of the breakaway states to rejoin the United States (on July 24 of the same year).

In the 20th century, Tennessee experienced an enormous economic boom. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory in particular made Tennessee an important industrial location in the USA.

In the 1960s and 1970s, the state was the focus of the civil rights movement that fought against the racial segregation that was prevalent at the time. From the perspective of the fighters for equality, Tennessee was one of the most backward states.

The political landscape changed Tennessee but earlier than in other southern states. The Tennessee Valley Authority made earlier industrialization and thus a more modern social order more possible than, for example, in Mississippi or Alabama. Tennessee but is still largely on the Bible Belt is affected and is considered to be predominantly conservative.

It wasn’t until 1967 that Tennessee was forced by the Supreme Court to become one of the last states in the United States to lift the ban on mixed marriages.


The real gross domestic product per capita (English per capita real GDP) was USD 49,430 in 2016 (national average of the 50 US states: USD 57,118; national ranking: 35). [24] The unemployment rate was 3.1% in November 2017 (national average: 4.1%).

Decisive economic impulses came from the Tennessee Valley Authority, the largest energy producer in the USA, which led to the expansion of electricity generation, infrastructure and industrialization. The most important industries are :

  • Chemical industry
  • Mechanical and automotive engineering
  • Textile industry
  • Timber industry
  • Cultivation of tobacco, cotton, soybeans, corn
  • forestry
  • Mining (coal, pyrite, zinc ore, phosphate)
  • Tourism (especially Great Smoky MountainsNational Park)

Tourism contributes billions of dollars to the state’s economy each year, and Tennessee is among the top 10 travel destinations in the United States.

In 2014 a record 100 million people visited the state, resulting in $ 17.7 billion spending on tourism, up 6.3% from 2013; Tax revenue from tourism was $ 1.5 billion.

Some of the major tourist attractions of the state are: the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Graceland, Dollywood, Beale Street, Pigeon Forge, the Lower Broadway, the Ryman Auditorium, the Gaylord Opryland Resort, the Lookout Mountain, the Ocoee River and the Tennessee Aquarium.


The better-known companies based in Tennessee include the freight service provider FedEx and the paper manufacturer International Paper, which are also based in Memphis, as is the second largest after-sales auto parts supplier AutoZone with 1200 employees at its headquarters.

The cinema chain Regal Entertainment Group is based in Knoxville, and the chemical company Eastman Chemical, which is spun off from Kodak, is based in Kingsport. Construction equipment manufacturer Caterpillar is represented in Nashville with its finance division, insurance company Unum with its headquarters in Chattanooga and Japanese automaker Nissan with its North American headquarters in Franklin. In 2008, Volkswagen also opened an assembly plant in the state in which the VW Passat is produced.

The two whiskey manufacturers Jack Daniel’s and George Dickel, whose distilleries are in Tennessee, are also internationally known.

Tennessee Flag

The flag of the US state of Tennessee was adopted on April 17, 1905.

The flag picks up on symbols of the Tennessee National Guard. The three stars stand for the three territories of the state (East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee and West Tennessee). But they also remind you that Tennessee became the third state to join the United States after the 13 founding states.

The flag is reminiscent of the so-called ” Battle Flag ” or the “Southern Cross” of the Confederates in the Civil War.

Also known as Volunteer State, Tennessee is short for TN with a population of 5,689,283. According to Countryaah, the capital city of Tennessee is Nashville and the biggest city is Memphis.

Tennessee Seal