The President in the United States Constitution

The President in the United States Constitution

“Executive power will be conferred on a president of the United States of America. He will remain in office for a period of four years” (art. II, section I, c. 1).

“Anyone who is not a citizen of the United States by birth or a citizen at the time this Constitution is adopted will not be eligible for the office of president, nor will anyone who has not reached the age of thirty-five and is not a resident of the United States be eligible for office. United States for fourteen years “(art. II, section I, c. 5).

“In case of dismissal of the president, or in case of death, resignation, or impediment to fulfill the functions and duties inherent to his office, this will be entrusted to the vice president; in case of dismissal, death, resignation or of impediment of both the president and the vice-president, Congress will provide by law to declare which public official should perform the functions of president, and the latter will consequently assume the office until the cause of impediment ceases or a new president is elected ” (art. II, section I, c. 6).

“At fixed times the president will receive, for his services, an allowance which cannot be increased or decreased during the term for which he was elected; and he will not receive, during that period, any other emoluments from the United States or from any of the States “(art. II, section I, c. 7).

“Before taking office, the President must make the following oath or solemn declaration:” I solemnly swear (or declare) that I will loyally fulfill my duties as President of the United States and with the utmost commitment will preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. United States “” (art. II, section I, c. 8).

“The president will be commander-in-chief of the Army, the United States Navy and the Militia of the various States, when this is called to the effective service of the United States; he may request the written opinion of the holders of each of the Departments of the executive on any argument concerning the duties of their respective offices, and will also have the faculty to grant commutations of sentences and pardons for all infringements of the law committed against the United States, except in cases of impeachment “(art. II, section II., c.1).

“The president will be given the power to conclude treaties, after hearing the opinion and with the consent of the Senate, provided that there is the approval of two thirds of the senators present; he will propose and, after hearing the opinion and with the consent of the Senate, will appoint the ambassadors, other diplomats and consuls, Supreme Court justices and all other holders of public office in the United States whose appointment procedure is not otherwise provided for in this Constitution and which will be established by appropriate law; but for offices of lower rank the Congress, if it deems it opportune, will attribute the power of appointment to the president alone, to the judicial courts, or to the holders of ministries “(art. II, section II, c.2).

“The president will also be given the power to assign positions that become vacant in the interval between one session and another of the Senate, with mandates that will end at the end of the next session” (art. II, section II, c. 3).

“The President will inform the members of Congress from time to time about the state of the Union and will recommend to their attention those measures which he deems necessary and opportune; he may, in extraordinary cases, convene both Houses, or one of them, and, in in the event of dissent between the Chambers about the timing of the adjournment, he himself will decide when to postpone the session; he will receive the ambassadors and other diplomats; he will ensure that the laws are faithfully applied and will confer the official appointment to all holders of public offices of the United States “(art. II, section III).

“The president, vice president and all public office holders of the United States will be removed from their offices if they result from the impeachment procedure guilty of treason, bribery or other serious crime or wrongdoing” (Article II, section IV).

The presidents of the United States

  1. 1789-97: George Washington (Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1732-1799); Federalist party
  2. 1797-1801: John Adams (Braintree, Massachusetts, 1735-1826); Federalist party
  3. 1801-09: Thomas Jefferson (Shadwell, Virginia, 1734-1826); Democratic Republican Party
  4. 1809-17: James Madison (Port Conway, Virginia, 1751-1836); Democratic Republican Party
  5. 1817-25: James Monroe (Westmoreland County, Virginia, 1758-1831); Democratic Republican Party
  6. 1825-29: John Quincy Adams (Braintree, Massachusetts, 1767-1848); National Republican Party
  7. 1829-37: Andrew Jackson (Waxhaw, South Carolina, 1767-1845); Democratic party
  8. 1837-41: Martin Van Buren (Kinder Look, New York, 1782-1862); Democratic party
  9. March-April 1841: William Henry Harrison (Berkeley, Virginia, 1773-1841); Whig party
  10. 1841-45: John Tyler (Greenway, Virginia, 1790-1862); Partito whig
  11. 1845-49: James Knox Polk (County of Mecklenburg, North Carolina, 1795-1849); Democratic party
  12. 1849-July 1850: Zachary Taylor (Montebello, Virginia, 1784-1850); Whig party
  13. 1850-53: Millard Fillmore (Summer Hill, New York, 1800-1874); Partito whig
  14. 1853-57: Franklin Pierce (Hillsborough, New Hampshire, 1804-1874); Democratic party
  15. 1857-61: James Buchanan (Stony Batter, Pennsylvania, 1791-1868); Democratic party
  16. 1861-April 1865: Abraham Lincoln (Hodgensville, Kentucky, 1809-1865); Republican party
  17. 1865-69: Andrew Johnson (Raleigh, North Carolina, 1808-1875); Republican party
  18. 1869-77: Ulysses Simpson Grant (Point Pleasant, Ohio, 1822-1885); Republican party
  19. 1877-81: Rutheford Birchard Hayes (Delaware, Ohio, 1822-1893); Republican party
  20. March-September 1881: James Abraham Garfield (Cuyahoga County, Ohio, 1831-1881); Republican party
  21. 1881-85: Chester Alan Arthur (Fairfield, Vermont, 1830-1886); Republican party
  22. 1885-89: Stephen Grover Cleveland (Caldwell, New Jersey, 1837-1908); Partito democratico
  23. 1889-93: Benjamin Harrison (Cincinnati, Ohio, 1833-1901); Republican party
  24. 1893-97: Stephen Grover Cleveland (Caldwell, New Jersey, 1837-1908); Partito democratico
  25. 1897-September 1901: William McKinley (Niles, Ohio, 1843-1901); Republican party
  26. 1901-09: Theodore Roosevelt (New York, 1858-1919); Republican party
  27. 1909-13: William Howard Taft (Cincinnati, Ohio, 1857-1940); Republican party
  28. 1913-21: Thomas Woodrow Wilson (Staunton, Virginia, 1856-1924); Democratic party
  29. 1921-August 1923: Warren Gamaliel Harding (Blooming Grove, Ohio, 1865-1923); Republican party
  30. 1923-29: Calvin Coolidge (Plimouth Notch, Vermont, 1872-1933); Republican party
  31. 1929-33: Herbert Clark Hoover (West Branch, Iowa, 1874-1964); Republican party
  32. 1933-April 1945: Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Hyde Park, New York, 1882-1945); Democratic Party (only president elected three times)
  33. 1945-53: Harry Spencer Truman (Lamar, Missouri, 1884-1972); Democratic party
  34. 1953-61: Dwight David Eisenhower (Denison, Texas, 1890-1969); Republican party
  35. 1961-November 1963: John Fitzgerald Kennedy (Brookline, Massachusetts, 1917-1963); Democratic party
  36. 1963-69: Lyndon Baines Johnson (Gillespie County, Texas, 1908-1973); Democratic party
  37. 1969-August 1974: Richard Milhous Nixon (Yorba Linda, California, 1913); Republican party
  38. 1974-77: Gerald Rudolph Ford (Omaha, Nebraska, 1913); Republican party
  39. 1977-81: James Earl Carter (Plains, Georgia, 1924); Democratic party
  40. 1981-89: Ronald Wilson Reagan (Tampico, Illinois, 1911); Republican party
  41. 1989-93: George Herbert Walker Bush (Milton, Massachusetts, 1924); Republican party
  42. 1993-2001: William Jefferson Clinton (Hope, Arkansas, 1946); Democratic party
  43. 2001-: George Walker Bush (New Haven, Connecticut, 1946); Republican party

The President in the United States Constitution