Cultural landscape of Rio de Janeiro

World Heritages in Brazil Part 2

Goiás Velho (World Heritage)

About 300 km away from Brasília is the small town of Goiás in the midst of wonderful landscapes. Its baroque old town has been almost completely preserved and is reminiscent of the 18th century, when the city gained some wealth through gold mining.

Goiás Velho: facts

Official title: Historic center of Goiás Velho
Cultural monument: Historic city from the time of the colonization of the countries of Central Brazil in the 18th and 19th centuries; harmonious architectural ensemble
Continent: America
Country: Brazil
Location: Goiânia
Appointment: 2001
Meaning: Exceptional example of a European style city in Latin American, climatic, geographical and cultural conditions

Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks (World Heritage)

The two national parks are located in the Campos cerrados, the savannah landscape in mid-west Brazil. The pristine landscapes are the habitat for many animals such as wild deer, monkeys and king vultures. The 2,400 km² Chapada dos Veadeiros extends over the highest sections of the landscape. The 1,300 km² Emas National Park is located in open grassland.

Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks: Facts

Official title: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas national parks
Natural monument: National parks, established in 1961; to this day largely untouched mountain landscapes; natural habitat of many different animal species, including wolves threatened with extinction; in Chapada dos Veadeiros numerous waterfalls and ponds; Das Emas National Park named after the ostriches that live there
Continent: America
Country: Brazil
Location: State of Goiás in mid-west Brazil
Appointment: 2001
Meaning: Unique, untouched natural landscapes with high biodiversity

Fernando de Noronha Island Reserve (World Heritage)

The tropical archipelago is about 500 km northeast of Recife. It has a diverse fauna with dolphins, sharks, sea turtles and sea birds. A unique Atlantic island forest grows on the island of Fernando de Noronha.

Fernando de Noronha Island Reserve: Facts

Official title: Fernando de Noronha Island Reserve / Rocas Atoll
Natural monument: Protected area around the main island Fernando de Noronha with dolphins, sharks, rare sea turtles, numerous tropical sea birds; Rocas Atoll, consisting of the islands of Ilha do Ferol and Ilha do Cementario: elliptical, north-south extension of 1.6 km and east-west extension of 2.4 km, formed about 13,000 years ago; rich coral formations
Continent: America
Country: Brazil
Location: Approx. 500 km northeast of Recife, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Eastern Brazil,
Appointment: 2001
Meaning: Exceptional biodiversity

São Francisco Square (World Heritage)

According to topb2bwebsites, São Cristóvão on the east coast of Brazil is one of the oldest cities in the country. The São Francisco square represents the Portuguese-Spanish colonial architecture in Brazil. Significant buildings stand on the sides of the square, including the São Francisco Church, construction of which began in 1693.

São Francisco Square: Facts

Official title: São Francisco Square in São Cristóvão
Cultural monument: Spacious center of the old town of São Cristovão in northeastern Brazil with important buildings from different phases of the common Spanish-Portuguese colonial history under one crown (including provincial palace from the 19th century, monastery complex from the 17th century, church São Francisco, church and Santa Casa de Misericórdia); Integrated colonial ensemble, characterized by the combination of the Spanish concept of a central urban square (“Plaza Mayor”) with the typical forms of the Portuguese conquest of the tropics
Continent: America
Country: Brazil
Location: São Cristovão, Sergipe State, Northeast Brazil
Appointment: 2010
Meaning: Unique example of European urban architecture in Latin America by combining two colonial urban planning traditions; monumental and dynamic testimony to the character of a colonial urban society and its cultural and social everyday life over four centuries

Cultural landscape of Rio de Janeiro (World Heritage)

The award as World Heritage honors the unique location of Rio de Janeiro on the Guanabara Bay between mountains and the sea as well as the cultural importance of the lively metropolis.

Cultural landscape of Rio de Janeiro: facts

Official title: Cultural landscape of Rio de Janeiro
Cultural monument: The entire urban landscape of Rio de Janeiro, founded in 1565, with its natural boundary between the mountains of the Tijuca National Park (highest point Pica Tijuca at 1,020 m) and the sea; Site with elements such as the Botanical Garden (opened in 1808), Corcovado Mountain with a 38 m high statue of Christ (built in 1931), Sugar Loaf Mountain, hills around Baia de Guanabara (one of the largest and best natural harbors on earth) with the beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema; Urban landscape as a symbol for the Brazilian way of life in the open air
Continent: America
Country: Brazil
Location: Rio de Janeiro, Eastern Brazil
Appointment: 2012
Meaning: Exceptionally lively and spectacular urban landscape, nestled between mountains and sea; outstanding artistic attraction for musicians, writers, filmmakers, architects, landscape and town planners

Cultural landscape of Rio de Janeiro