Vanuatu Population

By | May 6, 2024

Population Distribution

As of 2023, the latest population of Vanuatu is 298,333, based on our calculation of the current data from UN (United Nations).

Total population 298,333
Population growth rate 1.73%
Birth rate 24.00 births per 1,000 people
Life expectancy
Overall life expectancy 72.38 years
Men life expectancy 70.83 years
Women life expectancy 74.00 years
Age structure
0-14 years 34.89%
15-64 years 60.99%
65 years and above 4.12%
Median age 21.40 years
Gender ratio (Male to Female) 1.01
Population density 24.48 residents per km²
Urbanization 22.80%
approx. 91% Ni-Vanuatu (Melanesians), 3% Polynesians or Micronesians
Presbyterians 31.4%, Anglicans 13.4%, Catholics (Roman Catholic) 13.1%, Seventh-day Adventists 10.8% Members of other Christian denominations 13.8% Indigenous religions 5.6% (including Jon Frum Cargo cult), others 9.6% non-denominational 1% unspecified 1.3% [1999]
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.597
HDI ranking 141st out of 194

People in Vanuatu

270,000 people live on Vanuatu and most of them are Melanesians. There are also a few Europeans, Australians, New Zealanders, Vietnamese, Chinese and people from other parts of the Pacific. The Melanesians include the residents of New Guinea, New Caledonia, the Solomon Islands and, formerly, the indigenous people of Australia.

But the term has not been clarified and is also controversial because the Melanesians cannot be precisely defined. Their language and culture are often very different. They are more closely related to the Aborigines in Australia than, for example, the Polynesians who once migrated through their settlement areas. The Melanesians have dark skin, but can still have blonde hair, which is not common otherwise.

The locals refer to themselves as Ni-Vanuatu and lead a very quiet life, even if they are not rich people.

Almost a third of the total population lives on the four largest islands Espíritu Santo, Malakula, Éfaté and Erromango. But very few of them live in the cities, most of them are spread over the countryside. The largest city is the capital Port Vila, this is where most of the people live.

Population profile

  • 33 out of 100 people are under 14 years old, over 60 out of 100 are 15 to 64 years old and over 64 years are only just under 4 percent of Vanuatu’s residents.
  • The birth rate is 1.5 per woman. That means: every woman has around 1.5 children, on average, of course. In 2015, Germany also had a birth rate of 1.5 children per woman. But that was extraordinarily high, higher than it had been for a long time.
  • 5 out of 100 babies die during or after their birth.
  • The life expectancy of men is 61 years for men and 64 years for women.

Languages in Vanuatu

There are said to be 110 languages ​​on Vanuatu. This small country has one of the highest density of different languages ​​in the whole world. Most of the people here speak a language called Bislama, a language that originated during the time of the British and French colonies. This is a Creole language. 21 out of 100 people speak it as their mother tongue, but the truth is that most of Vanuatu’s residents understand and speak this language. English and French are official languages.

Religions in Vanuatu

Most of the people who live on Vanuatu are Christians, with most of the Presbyterian Church, which is one of the Reformed Churches. Then follow the members of the Anglican Church. 13 out of 100 residents are Catholic. Many also belong to other Christian religious communities. Then there are the beliefs of the locals.

Vanuatu Overview

Vanuatu, located in the South Pacific Ocean, is famous for its stunning tropical landscapes, pristine beaches, and vibrant cultural traditions. The country is renowned for its diverse marine life, offering world-class diving and snorkeling opportunities among colorful coral reefs and shipwrecks. Vanuatu’s unique blend of Melanesian and French influences is evident in its traditional dances, handicrafts, and cuisine, with kava ceremonies serving as a symbol of community and friendship. Despite its remote location, Vanuatu’s warm climate, friendly locals, and untouched natural beauty make it a paradise for eco-tourism and adventure seekers.

  • Capital City: Port Vila
  • Population: Approximately 300,000
  • Area: 12,189 square kilometers
  • Full Country Name: Republic of Vanuatu
  • Currency: Vanuatu vatu (VUV)
  • Language: Bislama, English, French
  • ISO Country Codes: ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: VU, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3: VUT

Bordering Countries of Vanuatu

Vanuatu is a South Pacific island nation located in the heart of the region, bordered by five other countries. To the north lies New Caledonia, while to the south lies Fiji. Further east is Solomon Islands and New Zealand, while to the west lies Australia.

The Vanuatu-New Caledonia border has been a site of great cultural exchange due to its strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean. This has led to strong cultural ties between Vanuatu and New Caledonia as well as strong political cooperation in recent years. In addition, Vanuatu also has strong economic ties with its bordering countries due to its thriving tourism industry which have attracted foreign investment.

The relationship between Vanuatu and its neighbours is complex but largely peaceful despite occasional disputes over matters such as maritime borders or fishing rights. In recent years there have been efforts by both sides to improve relations as well as increased trade between them for mutual benefit. For example, Vanuatu has signed several free trade agreements with neighbouring countries that have helped boost economic growth in both nations. Furthermore, there have been efforts by all sides to promote regional stability through joint military exercises or peacekeeping operations in conflict zones such as Solomon Islands or Fiji.


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