Where is Albania Located in Europe?

Albania, a country with a rich history and diverse culture, is situated in the southeastern part of Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Its geographical location plays a significant role in shaping its history, culture, economy, and interactions with neighboring countries and regions. In this comprehensive analysis, we delve into the geographical position of Albania, examining its borders, topography, climate, and strategic significance within the European continent.

Geographical Borders and Boundaries

According to extrareference, Albania is bordered by four countries: Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south. To the west, Albania is bounded by the Adriatic Sea, while to the southwest, it is bordered by the Ionian Sea. The total length of Albania’s land borders is approximately 1094 kilometers (680 miles), while its coastline extends for around 476 kilometers (296 miles).

The border between Albania and Montenegro follows the peaks of the Prokletije (also known as the Accursed Mountains) in the north, while the border with Kosovo runs along the rugged terrain of the Sharr Mountains. The eastern border with North Macedonia is delineated by mountain ranges such as the Korab and Jablanica, while the southern border with Greece is marked by the Pindus Mountains and the Drino River.

Topography and Physical Features

Albania’s topography is characterized by diverse landscapes, ranging from coastal plains and river valleys to rugged mountains and high plateaus. The country is dominated by the Albanian Alps (also known as the Prokletije Mountains) in the north, which form a natural barrier between Albania and Montenegro. The highest peak in Albania, Mount Korab, rises to an elevation of 2,764 meters (9,068 feet) in the Korab range.

To the west of the Albanian Alps, the terrain gradually descends towards the Adriatic coast, forming the Western Lowlands, a region of fertile plains and agricultural fields. The coastal area is dotted with sandy beaches, rocky coves, and picturesque bays, attracting tourists from around the world to its pristine shores.

In the central part of Albania lies the mountainous region of the Albanian Highlands, characterized by rugged terrain, deep gorges, and dense forests. The region is home to several national parks and protected areas, including Valbona National Park and Theth National Park, which are renowned for their natural beauty and biodiversity.

To the east of the Albanian Highlands, the landscape transitions into the Eastern Lowlands, a region of rolling hills, river valleys, and fertile plains. The Drin River, Albania’s longest river, flows through the Eastern Lowlands, providing water for irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, and agricultural activities.

Climate and Weather Patterns

Albania has a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coastal areas experience relatively temperate weather, with average temperatures ranging from 7°C (45°F) in January to 30°C (86°F) in July. The Adriatic coast receives moderate rainfall throughout the year, with most precipitation occurring in the winter months.

Inland areas, particularly those at higher elevations, have a continental climate, with colder winters and hotter summers compared to the coastal regions. The mountainous areas of northern Albania receive heavy snowfall during the winter months, making them popular destinations for winter sports enthusiasts.

The southern part of Albania, particularly the region around Saranda and the Ionian coast, enjoys a subtropical climate, with milder winters and warmer summers compared to other parts of the country. This area is known for its lush vegetation, citrus orchards, and Mediterranean landscapes.

Strategic Significance and Regional Context

Albania’s geographical position gives it strategic significance within the Balkan Peninsula and the wider European region. Situated at the crossroads of East and West, Albania has historically served as a bridge between Europe and Asia, facilitating trade, cultural exchange, and migration throughout the ages.

The Adriatic and Ionian Seas provide Albania with access to maritime trade routes, connecting it to markets in Italy, Greece, and other Mediterranean countries. The ports of Durrës and Vlorë serve as important hubs for shipping and commerce, handling goods and cargo destined for domestic and international markets.

Albania’s proximity to the Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean has made it a key player in regional geopolitics and security dynamics. The country has played a role in regional initiatives such as the Balkan Stability Pact and the Southeast European Cooperation Process, promoting peace, stability, and cooperation in the region.

Additionally, Albania’s geographical location has attracted strategic interest from international actors, including NATO and the European Union. Albania joined NATO in 2009, becoming a member of the Euro-Atlantic security community and contributing to collective defense efforts in the region. The country has also pursued closer integration with the European Union, seeking to align its policies and institutions with EU standards and norms.


Albania’s geographical position at the crossroads of Europe and the Balkans has shaped its history, culture, and identity. From its rugged mountains and fertile plains to its picturesque coastline and strategic ports, Albania’s diverse landscapes reflect its complex geopolitical and historical context.