Geography of Barbour County, Alabama

Geography of Barbour County, Alabama

Barbour County, located in the southeastern region of the state of Alabama, boasts a diverse geography characterized by rolling plains, meandering rivers, verdant forests, and a mild climate. Stretching across approximately 904 square miles, the county is home to a population that cherishes its natural beauty and rich history. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the intricate details of Barbour County’s geography, including its climate, rivers, lakes, and notable landmarks.

Geographical Features:

According to usaers, Barbour County sits within the heart of the Chattahoochee River Valley, which contributes significantly to its landscape. The terrain is primarily composed of gently rolling plains, interspersed with low hills and occasional ridges. The county’s elevation ranges from around 200 feet in the valleys to over 600 feet in the uplands, providing a varied topography that supports diverse ecosystems.

The county is blessed with fertile soils, particularly in the river valleys, making it conducive to agriculture. The land is predominantly used for farming, with crops such as cotton, peanuts, soybeans, and corn flourishing in the rich soil. Additionally, cattle farming is prevalent in the area, further contributing to the agricultural economy of Barbour County.


Barbour County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region receives ample precipitation throughout the year, with an average annual rainfall of around 52 inches. Summers are typically long and warm, with temperatures often soaring into the 90s°F (32-37°C), accompanied by high humidity levels. Winters are relatively mild, with temperatures seldom dropping below freezing, and snowfall is a rare occurrence.

Spring and autumn in Barbour County are delightful seasons, marked by mild temperatures and blooming flora. These transitional periods offer pleasant weather for outdoor activities, such as hiking, fishing, and picnicking, making them popular times for locals and visitors alike to explore the county’s natural beauty.

Rivers and Waterways:

The Chattahoochee River, one of the major rivers in the southeastern United States, forms the eastern boundary of Barbour County. Its meandering course not only delineates the county’s border but also serves as a vital waterway for transportation and recreation. The Chattahoochee River supports diverse aquatic life and provides ample opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking.

In addition to the Chattahoochee, Barbour County is crisscrossed by numerous smaller rivers and streams, including the Pea River, which flows through the western part of the county. These waterways not only contribute to the county’s scenic beauty but also play a crucial role in sustaining local ecosystems and agriculture.

Lakes and Reservoirs:

Barbour County is home to several picturesque lakes and reservoirs, which offer scenic retreats and recreational activities for residents and visitors alike. Lake Eufaula, also known as Walter F. George Lake, is the largest reservoir in the county and spans over 45,000 acres. Its expansive waters provide excellent opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and camping, attracting outdoor enthusiasts from far and wide.

In addition to Lake Eufaula, Barbour County is dotted with smaller lakes and ponds, such as Lake Tholocco and Lakepoint State Park Lake. These smaller bodies of water offer tranquil settings for fishing, birdwatching, and leisurely strolls along their shores, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the county’s natural splendor.

Notable Landmarks:

Beyond its natural features, Barbour County boasts several notable landmarks that showcase its rich history and cultural heritage. Eufaula, the county seat, is renowned for its well-preserved antebellum architecture, including grand mansions and historic buildings that reflect the area’s prosperous past. The Seth Lore and Irwinton Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, is a treasure trove of architectural gems dating back to the 19th century.

Another prominent landmark in Barbour County is the Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge, which encompasses over 11,000 acres of protected wetlands along the Chattahoochee River. This pristine sanctuary provides habitat for a diverse array of wildlife, including migratory birds, endangered species, and aquatic fauna. Visitors to the refuge can explore its scenic trails, participate in birdwatching excursions, and learn about conservation efforts in the region.

In conclusion, Barbour County, Alabama, offers a captivating blend of natural beauty, diverse landscapes, and rich cultural heritage. From its fertile plains and meandering rivers to its tranquil lakes and historic landmarks, the county’s geography reflects a harmonious coexistence between nature and human endeavor. Whether exploring its scenic waterways, immersing oneself in its vibrant history, or simply basking in its mild climate, Barbour County welcomes visitors with open arms to experience the wonders of its land.