|Residents per km²||, 4|
|ISO-3166-2 code||US AK|
Also known as The Last Frontier or Land of the Midnight Sun, Alaska is short for AK with a population of 626,932. According to Countryaah, the capital city of Alaska is Juneau and the biggest city is Anchorage.
Alaska (English pronunciation, from Aleutian Alaxsxag “land in the direction of which the sea flows” via Russian Аляска ) is 1,717,854 km², of which 1,481,346 km² is land, the largest in area (about 20% of the total area), the northernmost and westernmost states of the United States of America and the largest exclave on earth. Parts of Alaska are also the easternmost geographic areas of the US, as to the Aleutian Islands belonging Rat Islands, and Near Islands between 170 ° and 180 ° east longitudelie. Alaska has the fourth lowest population of any state (just 0.22% of the total US population). The USA acquired the area from the Russian Empire in 1867 ; on January 3, 1959, it became the 49th state in the United States. Alaska is nicknamed the Last Frontier (“Last Frontier”).
The Alaska Permanent Fund ( APF ) is a financial policy specialty. The Alaska Permanent Fund is a state-run fund that manages the profits from local oil production in Alaska. 25% of the state’s raw material income goes to the fund. Half of the annual profit is distributed directly to the residents of Alaska via a dividend. Each resident receives the same amount, which he can freely dispose of. In the year 201 6 of every resident was paid dividend portion 1,022 US $ (about 8 5 0 €).
Abbreviated as AK by AbbreviationFinder, Alaska is one of the most economically successful states in the USA. The real gross domestic product per capita (English per capita real GDP) was USD 68,356 in 2016 (national average of the 50 US states: USD 57,118; national ranking: 6).
The source of wealth is Alaska’s oil reserves, which account for around 85 percent of state revenues. Unique in the USA is the Alaska Permanent Fund, which manages the income of the oil business and distributes the annual profit equally among the residents of Alaska.
Because of the large forest areas, the wood and paper industry is an important source of income. Gold, copper, silver, lead, tin and iron are mined in the mountains. Salmon and cod are the main exports in fisheries. Alaska has coal deposits and an oil line discovered in 1968. This gives Alaska and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline an important role in the world crude oil market.
Agriculture can only be practiced in the river valleys (for example on the Yukon). Grains, vegetables and forage crops are grown, although there is very little cultivation area. Mainly fur animals are bred.
The Rocky Mountains (German, but also out of date rocky mountains, colloquially also known as the Rockies) are extensive folded mountains in western North America. The mountains extend, depending on the definition, over 4,500–5,000 km from New Mexico through the continental United States to Canada and form one of the major geographic regions of the United States.
The Coast Mountains, the Cascade Range and the Sierra Nevada do not belong to the Rocky Mountains. At 4401 m, Mount Elbert in Colorado is the highest mountain in the Rocky Mountains.
The Rocky Mountains are part of the Cordilleras that stretch from Tierra del Fuego to Alaska. They are home to major national parks such as Yellowstone National Park and various winter sports centers. They are also rich in natural resources. The region of the US states located in the Rocky Mountains is called the Mountain States.
Yukon – Charley Rivers National Park
In the south of Alaska, along the Canadian border lies the Yukon National Reserve – Charley Rivers. It is an untouched wild part of Alaska with significant paleontological and archaeological sites that provide valuable information about the environment thousands of years ago. The reserve was declared in 1978 and protects 142 km of Charley River basin and 185 km of Yukon River basin. The total area of Yukon – Charley Rivers is 10,212 square kilometers.
The area is full of monuments and relics from the period of the gold rush, which took place here around 1898. The Charley Rivers reservation is relatively difficult to access, no roads lead here, so the only way to transport is by plane or boat. When visiting the reservation, it is good to keep in mind that you will not find any commercial facilities, such as shops, so you must bring everything with you. It is important to bring quality waterproof and windproof clothing, do not forget about an effective repellent against ubiquitous insects. Also pay close attention to proper food storage. They can attract uninvited guests with their scent, such as brown bears who live in the area.
In addition to brown bears, the reserve’s other inhabitants are also grizzly bears, wolves, wolverines and Dall’s sheep. Numerous species of waterfowl and birds of prey live here. The area is popular for rafting and canoeing. There are numerous rapids on the Charley River, which gives the ride the right adrenaline rush. In the winter months, the river freezes. There are relatively densely forested hills along the riverbed. The use of jet skis or water skis is prohibited in the reservation.
Yukon – Charley Rivers is a great place for lovers of hiking, who have unlimited excursions. There are no official routes, so you should report each trip to the mountains to local rangers who will know where to look for you in the event of an accident. You move at an altitude of between 3000 and 3500 meters, in a landscape full of unique scenery and natural beauty. During the trip, you may come across one of the wildlife. Photographers will also enjoy themselves here.