Argentina flag

Argentina Overview

Argentina is located in southern South America by the Atlantic and is the second largest state in the world in terms of surface area. The country borders Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay.

Capital: Buenos Aires
Biggest city: Buenos Aires
State: Federal Republic
Language: Spanish
Religion: catholicism
Surface: 2 766 890 km²
Population: 41.3 million (2013)
Population density: 15 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 77 years
Illiteracy: 3%
Currency: Argentine peso (ARS)
1 peso = 0.47 kr
GDP per capita: $ 15,000 (2010)
Time difference: -4 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: June 20
Country area code: 54
2-Letter country abbreviation: AR (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 53%, industry 34%, agriculture 13%
Climate: mostly temperate; subtropical in northern Chaco, cold and dry in Patagonia, snow in the Andes

Argentina flag

Argentina was a Spanish colony until 1816, when the country became independent. The variation in the landscape is very large, and Argentina is often described as a land of contrasts. The country has subtropical rainforests as well as vast swamps and windswept cold coasts. It is about 340 km between north and south. In the far north, the climate is subtropical and in the south almost arctic. That makes the climate so different. The southernmost part of the continent Eldslandet has a climate that is very similar to Sweden’s.

Argentina is one of the world’s largest football countries and Argentina’s national football team has won the World Cup twice (1978, 1986) and been in the final twice more. They also won Olympic gold in football for men at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. Football star Diego Maradona has a very big popularity.

Poverty is widespread; in 2001, 37 percent of households in Argentina lived below the poverty line. Argentina, Brazil and Chile are sometimes called the ABC states.


The following objects in Argentina are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Los Glaciares National Park (1981)
  • The Jesuit missions of the Guarani people (1983)
  • Iguazu National Park (1984)
  • The cave paintings in Cueva de los Manos, Rio Pinturas (1999)
  • Valdéshalvön (1999)
  • Ischigualasto and Talampaya Natural Parks (2000)
  • The Jesuit settlements in Córdoba (2000)
  • Quebrada de Humahuaca (2003)
  • Inkaleden Qhapaq Nan (2014)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Argentina

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, I

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.


Weather in Buenos Aires

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 23 23 22 19 16 13 11 10 11 14 18 22
Day °C 29 25 26 22 19 16 15 17 19 22 25 28
Night °C 20 19 18 15 11 8 8 10 11 14 16 18
Rain (mm) 100 90 90 100 80 30 50 50 50 80 80 90
Rainy days 9 8 9 10 7 9 8 8 8 11 10 9
Soltim / day 9 9 7 7 5 4 5 6 6 7 8 8

Argentina 2

Buenos Aires

According to Countryaah, Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina and has just over 3 million residents (2007). With suburbs, the city has over 13 million residents. Buenos Aires is one of South America’s foremost cultural cities. Despite the economic crisis, the sample is larger than in a long time. There are more than 190 theater stages, 153 cinemas and 129 museums and an unmanageable selection of booksellers, cafés, restaurants and concerts.

Buenos Aires is the birthplace of tango. Since the 1980s, a new tango boom has emerged, and the domestic audience is mixed with tango tourists who come to the city to experience and learn the dance. There is a large selection of tango places where you dance, and a large proportion of the most famous international teaching couples are based in Buenos Aires.


Córdoba is Argentina’s second largest city with about 1.5 million residents (2003). Córdoba is a city with diverse industry. There is a textile and transport industry. The city is also a communications, trade and cultural center located approximately 700 kilometers northwest of the capital Buenos Aires. The city was founded in 1573 and was one of the Jesuits’ main cities in Spanish America. The country’s oldest university was founded in 1613 in Córdoba.


Mendoza is a city in central Argentina located near the border with Chile. It is the center of the country’s most important fruit and wine district. The city also has an oil refinery. The central town has only 110,000 residents, but the entire metropolitan area (which includes Guaymallén, Godoy Cruz and Las Heras) has a total of 850,000 residents (2001). Mendoza was founded by the Spaniards in 1561.


Ushuaia is the capital of the Argentine province of Tierra del Fuego and one of the southernmost cities in the world. The city is located on the south coast of Eldslandet by the Beagle Channel in a mountainous environment. The city has 64,000 residents (2001).

The British gave the city its name based on the name the natives had for the area. For almost half of the 20th century, the city consisted mostly of a prison for some of Argentina’s worst criminals. Argentina wanted to use Tierra del Fuego as the British used Australia, that is, a large concentration camp far away from their homeland. The prisoners thus became settlers and built the city around the prison with their own hewn timber. They also built a railway from the forest to the colony which is still the southernmost railway in the world and is used by tourists like the Tren del Fin del Mundo (The Train to the End of the World).