Florida Seal

Florida Geography and Economy

Area 170,304 km²
Residents 20,612,439
Residents per km² 121
Capital Tallahassee
Postal Code FL
ISO-3166-2 code US FL
FIPS code 12

Florida is a state in the southeast of the United States of America. It is known as the Sunshine State, the sunshine state. The state was discovered by the Spanish explorers during Easter; Easter is also called Pascua Florida in Spanish. The emblematic animal of Florida is the Florida panther. The capital of the state is Tallahassee.

Big Cypress Wildlife Refuge

The Atlantic Ocean lies on the east coast and the Gulf of Mexico on the west and south coast.

The state has a chain of islands at the southern end, the islands of which are called “Keys”. The most famous are the Florida Keys, which are connected by 42 bridges. Key West is at the end of this chain of islands. From there it is only 140 kilometers to Cuba. Key West is also the southernmost point of the continental United States.

With a total area of ​​170,304 km², Florida ranks 22nd among the states. 30,634 km² (17.99%) of the national territory are water bodies.


Abbreviated as FL by AbbreviationFinder, Florida is divided into two climatic zones: the northwest region is subtropically humid and the rest is tropically humid. In the period from June to November Florida is often hit by sometimes violent tropical storms (hurricanes). Winters are warm with temperatures around 25 ° C. Snow is very rare in Florida.

Economy and Infrastructure

Florida’s climate and the many beaches make it an interesting place to relax for vacationers from all over the world and the retirement home of many Americans. Because of the unbearably humid weather, the main season is rather apart from the summer months of June-August.

Also the various amusement parks Universal Studios, Islands of Adventure, Busch Gardens Africa and Seaworld and last but not least the Walt Disney World Resort with the parks Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Hollywood Studios (formerly: MGM Studios) and Animal Kingdom near Orlando are big Points of attraction for tourists.

In addition, the economy concentrates on the cultivation of citrus fruits (50% of the consumption in the USA) including juice production, there are numerous banks and phosphate is mined.

Florida is the most important launch site for NASA and the US Air Force for their space missions from Cape Canaveral, from 1963–1973 Cape Kennedy.

The Florida Keys

The Florida Keys are a chain of over 200 coral islands with a total length of over 290 km (180 miles). They are located off the southern tip of the Florida peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.

Until a hurricane in 1935, the islands were connected by a railway line. Nowadays the islands can be reached via the 42 bridges of the Overseas Highway, which was built in place of the railway line and extends to Key West. The most famous of the bridges is the “Seven Mile Bridge”. It connects Vaca Key (marathon) with Bahia Honda and crosses Pigeon Key. True to its name, this bridge is seven miles (11 km) long.

The remote and uninhabited islands of the Marquesas Keys (about 50 km west of Key West) and the Dry Tortugas (113 km west of Key West), which mark the actual end of the Florida Keys in the west, can only be reached by boat. The third largest tropical coral reef in the world extends underwater.

Florida Panhandle

Florida Panhandle (” panhandle Florida”) is the name for the northwestern tip of the US state Florida. It extends over a length of about 370 km and a width of 60 to 140 km between Alabama and Georgia in the north and the Gulf of Mexico in the south and does not belong to the Florida peninsula. Also culturally, the region is more like the classic southern states.

Major cities on the Panhandle are Pensacola, Panama City and Tallahassee.

The beach resorts attract numerous college students during the spring break (spring break).

The Eglin Air Force Base and Tyndall Air Force Base air bases are also located there. Interstate 10 runs through the area in an east-west direction.

The Apalachicola National Forest, designated in 1936, is also located in this area.

The time zone boundary between the eastern (UTC − 5) and central (UTC − 6) time zones of the United States runs along the Apalachicola River and thus directly through the Florida Panhandle.

Also known as Sunshine State, Florida is short for FL with a population of 15,982,378. According to Countryaah, the capital city of Florida is Tallahassee and the biggest city is Jacksonville.

Florida Seal